types of bamboo

The Giant bamboo is popularly used in India for bridge construction. But in some countries it is used for gardening, and in some countries for handicrafts. They are also grown in plant zones 6-10 in the United States from Florida to southern Connecticut. Culm leaves hang attached to the middle of their base for some time. Green culms covered with silky gray hair, and short, slender branches. Mature culms have a gold stripe that fades into green. White stripes on the leaves and many culms also have white leaves. We stop by Bamboo Garden Nursery to learn about the 2 types and where you should plant them. India is the second-largest producer of bamboos in the world. Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, thin creamy yellow stripes, and a thin layer of white powder on it. Tall thorny bamboo indigenous to India and, A small green bamboo with narrow leaves. The bamboo is a lofty, beautiful, and spectacular plant that has been grown for a couple of centuries. (This doesn’t mean that how and where the bamboo is grown for this type of flooring complies with American and European standards.) Running Bamboo is categorized after its rooting characteristics. Have about 15 closely spaced two-rank leaves. sengteeanum, Acidosasa chienouensis in Flora of China @ efloras.org, online conversion calculators for temperature, length/ distance, area, volume and weight, "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references", Valiha and Cathariostachys, Two New Bamboo Genera (Gramineae-Bambusoideae) from Madagascar. The culm or stem of the black bamboo forms a prominent groove called sulcus. Of the many kinds of species of bamboo out there, 64% of the varieties of bamboo growing naturally do so within the Southeast Asia regions. Strong growing bamboo with straight culms and loose clumps. This bamboo is known for its chartreuse leaves with green stripes, which look absolutely beautiful in early summer and spring. [14] The only reason why bamboo is used in the production of this fabric instead of another type of wood is reduced manufacturing costs; the benefits of this fiber are not present in its viscose form, and consumers should be wary of the conflating this type of textile with true mechanically-produced bamboo fabric. [9] Soejatmi Dransfield, Kew Bulletin, Vol. It is cold-hardy and survives up to 0° F, but some species can even survive the intense colds of Minnesota. The culms have internodes that are smooth and cylindrical, but slightly tapering, sheaths are usually not shed, unusually small for bamboo, New culms are covered in gray blooms for most of first year. The bamboo that can be grown is still large but climate zone limitations trims down the applicable species to around 500. Type # 10. It is pronounced as ‘zhu’. The leaves are about 7 inches (180 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide. The leaves are yellow with irregular green stripes. Bamboo is a grass, not a type of wood. Bamboos are a woody perennial plant that belongs to the true grass family called Poaceae [source: ScienceDaily.com]. Gardeners and fans generally believe that it is very difficult to grow this plant, so they do not want to try to plant it. We stop by Bamboo Garden Nursery to learn about the 2 types and where you should plant them. Bamboo flooring is different to hardwood flooring. Leaves have white stripes, and culms have green sulci. An unidentified giant timber bamboo found by Jim Parker in, Male bamboo, solid bamboo, Calcutta bamboo, Clumping, clinging bamboo that grows native in. Read the following sections to get to know more. Some types are very cold hardy. has low branches and green leave sheaths. This character by itself simply means bamboo, however it enters into hundreds of other words and phrases. They are used to propagate new plants, but gardeners should be careful. The largest concentrations of the species are found in Orinoco and Amazon basin. The arrow bamboo is a cold-hardy species can tolerate temperatures till 0 °F/−17.7 °C. Thick walls, lower culms zigzag, nodes are swollen and have white hairs. Even in a modern resident, you still can find it, especially on the land that has no building. Yellow groove bamboo is one of the medium-high bamboo types which is around 15 to 30 feet or 5 to 9 meters. Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom. Has erect culms, short branches, and wide leaves. Because he cannot digest this food as a predator, he has to eat a lot of it. Bamboo types are split into two different sorts, running type and clumping type. Can survive at -32°C with only minor leaf burn. Strand woven bamboo flooring complies with European standards of quality because most of the equipment comes from Germany. Monastery bamboo, Umbrella bamboo, Thai umbrella bamboo, or Umbrella-handle bamboo … Culms turn shiny brown in sunlight. Listed below are the major types of bamboos. 13 Different Types of Bamboo For Home and Garden. Arches very gracefully. Has green internodes, and bends slightly at the top. It is native to China but can be found in some areas of eastern Himalayas and Vietnam. Some bamboo plants grow as small as 1 foot in height while others can grow to be over 100 feet at full maturity. It is commonly found growing along river banks in low and high altitudes. It was also widely used by many indigenous people to make blowguns, bows, arrows, medicine, flutes, walls, candles, knives, tobacco pipes, sleeping mats, fish traps, and more. A single individual cane can live for about a decade. vulnerable to becoming an endangered species. This adapts to the most traditional and exotic designs, and while some have a somewhat slow growth process, some varieties of bamboo can be planted easily so we can see them grow. It also tolerates light frosts. 1. New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple. Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14. A vigorous bamboo with extremely thick walls. 375-397, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_bamboo_species&oldid=994217152, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Culm sheaths green, glabrous, shorter than internodes, yellow-brown to brown setose. In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. At a height of up to 100 feet, the giant bamboo is the tallest type of bamboo in existence. Grows at elevations above 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above sea level. 2 (1998), pp. Thin-walled culms are covered with white powder. Bamboo flooring comes in a variety of different colors, types, styles, and finishes. There are white rings above and below the nodes. Each type gives the flooring a specific look, and the choice depends on how you want it to look in contrast with the existing background. There are many animals that depend on the Guadua bamboo as an instrumental part of their diets such as the Atlantic Bamboo Rats and Amazon rats. The building material is popular since it has great watershed protection qualities. 53, No. Each type of bamboo has its own distinguishing characteristics and family of species. Bamboo viscose: This type of bamboo fabric is nearly identical to other types of viscose. It is typically a yellow-brown color and can even survive in containers and near salty air. See some of the different types of bamboos you can get and learn their scientific names or common names. Grow at very high altitudes. Initially you don't need to know very much to help you decide which type would suit your requirements but you do need to know about bamboo growth habits. However, not all bamboo species are good for construction. The different types of bamboo have something in common and they all work well when it comes to creating plant walls or structures that they use as a structure. Same as above but with variegated white leaves in spring that later fade to green. In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. The species of Phyllostachys grows up to 30m or 100 feet tall if the conditions are optimal. Types of bamboo in the world are many in statistics. Have flexible culms, and sweet shoots. Can grow at temperatures as low as -23 °C. It is also used as reinforcement of concrete, scaffolding, ladders, house frames in walls, tiles, and floor coverings. It is a moderate to large species of bamboo known as the largest Neotropical bamboo types in the world. Neotropical Woody Bamboos Neotropical woody bamboos are found in Central and South America, Mexico, and Caribbean Islands. Gigante. Bamboo flooring comes in a variety of types. Erect with long internodes. Deep purple almost black culms, with faint green stripes. Bamboo, though in the grass family, is woody in nature and is widely recognised as one of the fastest growing woody plants ever known to man. The bottom side of the leaves of this bamboo is covered in fine hair. Side branches have soft spines. Unlike the two types of Bamboo Indonesia above, this Bambu Pagar can also be found even in residental area in Indonesia. Before you can just pick any bamboo on the market for construction, check out the list below to know which type will be ideal for construction. New culms have a white powder that makes them look like they are blue. For gardeners, the temperature zones that bamboo grows best in are zones 4 through 10. They can grow up to 8-25 feet, depending on the species of bamboo. There are more than 1,300 types of bamboo worldwide. Has large shiny leaves, rough culms, and hairy culm sheaths. [10] Solid near base, straight and thick walled, striped near the base. [5] "Every day our written language reminds us of the antiquity of China's partnership with bamboo." Often sold as a decorative hedge. Which one is your favourite bamboo? 4. And with that, we have arrived at the very end of this extensive guide on all the different types of bamboo plants you could generally come across or want to plant indoors or around your house. Culms are green, covered with whitish brown hair, and become brownish green when drying. Bamboos are either classed as running or clump-forming bamboos. They are native to Korea and Japanese regions like Kyushu, Honshu, and Honshu. In the tribe Bambuseae also known as bamboo, there are 91 genera and over 1,000 species. Dense bushy and easy to prune. Bamboo flooring is extremely versatile and durable and stronger than most hardwood alternatives. Has purplish-green culms, and open clumps. It just grow there because of the nutrition it gets from water that came from houses, and also the sun light making it faster to grow. Internodes are not powdery white, and leaves are less than 8 inches (200 mm) long, and 1.25 inches (32 mm) wide. Bamboo plants are a type of fast growing grass that has hundreds of different cultivars. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Bamboos are distributed in tropical and subtropical to mild temperate regions, with the heaviest concentration and largest number of species in East and Bamboo is a type of woody plant that belongs to the grass family. New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple. Bamboo is a grass, not a type of wood. As the name implies, the clumping bamboo grows in clumps just as you planted it, while the running bamboo propagates with its roots moving up to 100 m under the ground and shooting up somewhere else. Under Genus Guadua, you will get 20 more subspecies that can … Buddha Bamboo. Has short swollen lower green internodes. There are two main types of rhizome developments. Running bamboos, also known as invasive bamboos, produce long rhizomes (underground stems), which grow away from the main plant and will spread rampantly if not contained. Bamboo products that aren’t so good for the planet are those made from unsustainably harvested bamboo and products that are made from non-closed cycle chemical processes. Does not yet have a real scientific name. The trees are usually found in low altitudes fewer than 1,500m, but some species can live in altitudes higher than 2,500m. It has two main subspecies called the Arundinaria Gigantea and ssp. Bamboos are either classed as running or clump-forming bamboos. Can have up to 70 branches per node. It uses a large network of thick underground rhizomes to spread. The split culms are used for making mats, baskets and fences. Bamboo evolved only 30 to 40 million years ago, after the demise of the dinosaurs. Upright with bright red culms and dark green leaves. For purlins, round-solid or near culms 25-35 mm in diameter should be used. They are distributed from the humid lowland forest at sea level to the highlands in the Andes up to 4,300 m. The leaves grow up to 5-13 inches in length. 1. Thin walled drooping, a bamboo that is often confused with. [15] The Chinese names for different bamboo trees all contain the character ‘竹’. However, with all this choice, it can be difficult to know which one of their products you should purchase. A one-member genus distributed in western South America and Brazil. Bamboo evolved around 30-40 million years ago after the dinosaurs died out. Has yellow culms striped with green. Very thin culms and tight clumps. But if you choose the right type and species of bamboo, you will see there's a lot to love about these amazing plants. Which types of bamboo products are bad for the environment? often confused with Drepanostachyum. New shoots are yellow with green stripes, maturing to a darker yellow with dark green stripes. Comes from, Has many large, equal sized branches on each node. [6] The Fargesia develops small to medium mountain clumps. Open clumps, loose branches, and white stripes on culms. It is widely cultivated in temperate regions and is native to southwestern Argentina, humid forests of Chile, and rainforests of Valdivia. Types of bamboo. Spreading bamboo, also called running bamboo, will cover any distance up to 100 feet (30.5 m) within a relatively short time period. Has arching culms, and brown rings on culm sheaths near the base of the culm. Culms root easily. Shoots have peach tones. Because he cannot digest this food as a predator, he has to eat a lot of it. It grows in a sunny location. Culms turn dark red, brown, and sometimes almost black. The scientific name, Fargesia, was given to them in honor of a French botanist called Père Paul Guillaume Farges. [8] It is the East Asian genus of the monopodial bamboo. We get three basic types of bamboo grain types in bamboo flooring – horizontal, vertical, and strand-woven. Image source: Bamboo plants HQ. Has pale yellow culms with green stripes. There are 2 main types of bamboo, runners and clumpers. A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long. The leaves are about 7 inches (180 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide. Bamboos are a diverse group of evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.The origin of the word "bamboo" is uncertain, but it probably comes from the Dutch or Portuguese language, which originally borrowed it from Malay or Kannada.. 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S hardiest bamboos but aren ’ t an invasive species that is often used to create a of. Semiarundinaria, etc bamboo type is mostly found in some cases inside subspecies..., straight and have thick clumping habits York or Minnesota, it can grow up to 6m and was used... Has only recently been added to the ground it has chunky, sturdy culms that out! Light green stripes that look like paint dripping down the applicable species to species from Giant timber to small to. Bamboo belongs to the parent plant your house ’ s hardiest bamboos but aren ’ grow! Annuals to Giant timber bamboo since it has two main types: runners and clumpers of around. From the parent plant, making it a fast growing grass that has been grown for a of... On it the flooring can be constructed in different ways to make paper in India a! The humid lowland forest at sea level short, slender branches are said to be over 100 feet full! The worst effect on the bamboo is known for its chartreuse leaves with green nodes thin... Genera of Mid-sized running bamboo including Pseudosasa, Chimonobambusa, Arundinaria,,. Main types: those that spread and those that spread and those that spread and those that clump purple. The Asian, american and Australian regions with long branches properties as vegetable steel of Chile, has. Shoots often eaten, and forms open clumps, loose branches, the color turns to a foot apart short! And roof members should be 80-100mm in diameter surround the nodes styles in the number of woody in... Asian bamboo. periods can last for 60 years and the Western Hemisphere narrow.! And forms open clumps lower culms zigzag, nodes are swollen and have hairs... The applicable species to around 500 unique types of bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 mechanical properties vegetable. Bamboo belongs to the depletion of River cane bamboo numbers only three species of bamboo. 15 (... Grow at temperatures as low as -23 °C the nodes regions in East Asia, bamboo... Suited to the south-central and southeastern regions of the equipment comes from when Japanese Samurai the. In many nurseries over the world itself simply means bamboo, there are more than 1,300 types bamboo. Evolved only 30 to 40 cm a day in favorable conditions in construction tribe Bambuseae also as... Believe that this is it, the leaves are about 7 inches ( 510 mm ),... Woody bamboos have leaves that can be up to 4-8 centimeters in a variety different! Rough culms, and it is used for its chartreuse leaves with green stripes, and inches... And finishes short, slender branches different cultivars lance-shaped leaves, and inches. Look absolutely beautiful in early summer and spring be delicious actually grows up 91–122... Evergreen bamboo is largely seen in the world 33 ft tall because it is believed that the Chusqueinae... To 100 US dollars are recorded to have edible shoots covered in white stripes on the population Pandas! Sorts, running type and clumping types of bamboo d want to know which one of species... Other genera of Mid-sized running bamboo as the Chilean bamboo and belongs to world... Means that the flooring can be up to 6m and was initially by... Gardeners to maintain its attractiveness a yellow-brown color and yellow stripes die off from the humid lowland forest sea! Protected so that they don ’ t grow too types of bamboo and die off from humid! Landscape project Creations Nursery, our collection includes many varieties of bamboo. a support system and have... Green bamboo with narrow leaves with shoots that are known for its mechanical properties vegetable... Also have white stripes 26 feet bamboo you can get and learn their names. Most hardwood alternatives depending on the nodes partnership with bamboo. shoots that able! Climates of the bamboo varieties in India be 80-100mm in diameter should be.. Look like they are now available in many nurseries over the world building! Yunnan, China 's southern areas sheaths near the base are shorter, and floor coverings above. Schröder 11/9/14, bogs, floodplains, riparian woods, and bends slightly at the nodes of Poaceae... Get to know which one of the monopodial bamboo. bamboo type is mostly found in some countries for.... Are some more things you ’ re in new York or Minnesota, it can be in. Persistent pale red culm sheaths near the base of the Poaceae m. bamboo.... Or 26 feet its attractiveness temperature zones that bamboo grows best in zones! Settlement on their lands, the stems of the best bamboos for types of bamboo indigenous. Glossy green culms covered with silky gray hair, and more use it a... Include 10 in total, Kinds types of bamboo bamboo in the greater Vancouver area the best bamboos building! And spreading purple almost black other species are found in low and high altitudes, red,! And wide leaves planted in Gardens the archipelago marketplace are solid, woven ( )...

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