contemporary issues wiki

European Space Agency, "News: Satellites Witness Lowest Arctic Ice Coverage in History," 14 September 2007. [57], Many American Indians were forcibly assimilated into American culture after being abducted from reservations through boarding schools that were designed to 'civilize' them. Between 1870 and 1920, the federal government increased its role in providing Native American elementary and secondary school education, and boarding schools became the predominant form of Native American education. Roles of Native Americans were limited and not reflective of Native American culture. The implementation of these technologies and curricula remains almost non-existent at an institutional level. The three most affected countries, Greece, Ireland and Portugal, collectively account for six percent of eurozone's gross domestic product (GDP). [82] Western STEM models contradict Native science because they emphasize individuality and humans as separate from the natural world. Myhra, L. L. (2011). Native Americans are underrepresented by a factor of at least four in STEM disciplines. The IHS consists of three branches of service: the federally operated direct care system, independent tribally operated health care services, and urban Indian health care services. These coping methods were then passed on to their children since they seemed like acceptable means of handling trauma. [115] The Affordable Care Act provides an opportunity for uninsured adults to gain Medicaid coverage. The term contemporary history has been in use at least since the early 19th century.[2]. The documentary portrayed the conflict as a struggle between different value systems, which included not only the Pequot, but a number of other Native American tribes, most of which allied with the English. In some places, especially in Europe, gas could be $5 a gallon, depending on the currency. [36], The 1998 film Smoke Signals, which was set on the Coeur D'Alene Reservation and discussed hardships of present-day American Indian families living on reservations, featured numerous Native American actors as well. In August 2005, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) banned the use of "hostile and abusive" Native American mascots in postseason tournaments. The term began its use around the late 1980s and early 1990s, and has been used up to the present with the availability of the Internet. Eds. By the 2010s, a majority of people in the developed world had Internet access and a majority of people worldwide had a mobile phone. There are also many depictions of Native Americans on federal buildings, statues, and memorials. "Warming 'opens Northwest Passage'". Concerns include information and services which are protected from unintended or unauthorized access, change or destruction. [76], Further information: Tribal colleges and universities, Native American self-determination, In the early 1800s, the first tribally controlled schools were established by five Southeastern tribes: the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cree and Seminole. In fact, many Native Americans compare this discrimination to examples for other demographics like black face for African Americans. [20] The Cherokee Preservation Foundation has invested $3 million into opening schools, training teachers, and developing curricula for language education, as well as initiating community gatherings where the language can be actively used. The Ongoing Impact of Colonization: Man-made Trauma and Native Americans. 279-365 Issue 3, September 2020 , pp. [23] The Department of Education of Oklahoma said that in 2012 state tests: 11% of the school's sixth-graders showed proficiency in math, and 25% showed proficiency in reading; 31% of the seventh-graders showed proficiency in math, and 87% showed proficiency in reading; 50% of the eighth-graders showed proficiency in math, and 78% showed proficiency in reading. [81], Digital equity is a concern as tribes have to appropriate resources for technological infrastructure maintenance, develop standards to protect sacred tribal information and determine how to promote tribal goals. Computers, the Internet, and other modern technology radically altered daily lives. Contemporary Native American issues in the United States are issues arising in the late 20th century and early 21st century which affect Native Americans in the United States. The term Native American was introduced in the United States by academics[who?][when?] 2010. The "sympathetic" yet contradictory film Dances With Wolves (1990) intentionally, according to Ella Shohat and Robert Stam, related the Lakota story through a Euro-American voice for wider impact among a general audience. To address the housing needs of Native Americans, Congress passed the Native American Housing and Self Determination Act (NAHASDA) in 1996. [80] Western education models are not hospitable to indigenous epistemologies. "[44] Arnold J. Toynbee, in his monumental Study of History, sought regularities in the rise and fall of civilizations. Introduction. [76] The next 100 years of Native American education were dominated by missionary and federal run off-reservation boarding schools. Suicide rates among American Indians and Alaska Natives youth are higher than those for other populations. 2020 2020 Volume 21 Issue 4, Current Issue December 2020 , pp. [46][47] The Justice Department on January 11, 2010, initiated the Indian Country Law Enforcement Initiative which recognizes problems with law enforcement on reservations and assigns top priority to solving existing problems. Register Start a Wiki. Prevention aims at halting or stopping the development of individual or social problem which is already evident. "It runs in the family": Intergenerational Transmission of Historical Trauma Among Urban American Indians and Alaska Natives in Culturally Specific Sobriety Maintenance Programs. Informally, a global issue is any issue (problem, risk) that adversely affects the global community and environment, possibly in a catastrophic way, including environmental issues, political crisis, social issues and economic crisis.. [99], National estimates of alcohol-related motor vehicle deaths show that Native Americans have a 250% higher death rate compared to the US population.[100]. The Suicide rate for American Indians and Alaskan Natives is approximately 190% of the rate for the general population. Contemporary definition is - marked by characteristics of the present period : modern, current. [72], The first educational institutions for Native Americans were founded by missionaries. Contemporary issues have political, economic, social, historic and geographic components. The main point of these essays is to get students thinking critically about contemporary issues, to ask how and why issues develop and change, and how they affect individuals, communities, the nation, and the world in different ways. [82], The Science, Technology, Society (STS) model asks students to explore a problem that is relevant to them and their community. The remaining part of the 21st century and longer-term trends are researched by futures studies, an approach that uses various models and several methods (such as "forecasting" and "backcasting"). High rates of homelessness, incarceration, alcohol and drug abuse, and stress and trauma in Native American communities might attribute to the risk. The Government of Russia, largely led by President Vladimir Putin, have opposed the enlargement of NATO as encroaching on Russian autonomy. Accordingly, public safety in tribal communities is a top priority for the Department of Justice. In between the world wars, the 1920s saw a great rise in prosperity where much of the world saw progress and new technology, but this was soon ended by the Great Depression. The Obama administration has renamed the War on Terror as the "Overseas Contingency Operation". [84], Native and non-native scholars have developed curricula to integrate Western knowledge with indigenous knowledge, but there is no agreement on a best approach. Underrepresentation in digital content contributes to this fear. Although mostly diagnosed in adults, children are increasingly being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes as well. [27][28] The administration has re-focused US involvement in the conflict on the withdrawal of its troops from Iraq, the closing of Guantanamo Bay detention camp, and the surge in Afghanistan. "Native American Hip-Hop and Historical Trauma: Surviving and Healing Trauma on the ‘Rez,’” Studies in American Indian Literatures 23, 23, no. This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 03:01. [71] For those Native Americans who view education as a means of preserving their ancient knowledge, culture and language, this raises questions about tribal self-determination. Contemporary Issues in Leadership 2nd Edition by William E. Rosenbach (Author), Robert L. Taylor (Author), Mark A. Youndt (Author) & 0 more 4.6 out of 5 stars 24 ratings [103], Native Americans have some of the highest rates of diabetes in the world, specifically Type 2 diabetes. In 2007 the non-partisan Public Agenda organization conducted a focus group study. [119], In 2008, Oregon initiated Medicaid to 10,000 of a randomized 90,000 low-income, uninsured adults to participate in what is now known as the Oregon Medicaid health experiment. [52] 80% of Native American sexual assault victims report that their attacker was "non-Indian". Regardless, experts have suggested that Native Americans experience cancer differently than other ethnic groups. [82] The No Child Left Behind Act and English-only ballot initiatives make it difficult to adopt culturally relevant curriculum.[79]. Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube are all major examples of social websites that gained widespread popularity. [66] When some participants were asked about potential healing methods to their trauma, they suggested that communities in general should return to traditional Native American spiritual practices while former students of boarding schools specifically should attempt forgiveness to release internal turmoil and hatred. It represented "an unprecedented collaboration between Native and non-Native filmmakers and involves Native advisors and scholars at all levels of the project. It has led to the development and evolution of web-based communities, hosted services, and web applications. This effort includes collecting quantitative and qualitative data about the possibility, probability, and desirability of change. In the early 21st century, Native American communities have exhibited continual growth and revival, playing a larger role in the American economy and in the lives of Native Americans. Death rates are 70% of that for whites, indicating that the ratio of death by cancer to new cancer cases is the highest for Native Americans compared to other ethnic groups. During the construction of the Capitol building in the early 19th century, the U.S. government commissioned a series of four relief panels to crown the doorway of the Rotunda. The recession renewed interest in Keynesian economic ideas on how to combat recessionary conditions. [62] The successful landing at Kennedy Space Center after completing STS-135 concluded the shuttle program. Theorizing Contemporary Legal Thought Volume 78, Number 3 (2015) The Administrative Law of Financial Regulation Volume 78, Number 4 (2015) ... Current Issues in Entertainment and Sports Law. Contemporary history and issues are those in which people are still emotionally involved. The reliefs encapsulate a vision of European—Native American relations that had assumed mythic historical proportions by the 19th century. The culture of the United States, especially consumerism, spread widely. "[41] The five episodes explore the impact of King Philip's War on the northeastern tribes, the "Native American confederacy" of Tecumseh's War, the US-forced relocation of Southeastern tribes known as the Trail of Tears, the pursuit and capture of Geronimo and the Apache Wars, and concludes with the Wounded Knee incident, participation by the American Indian Movement, and the increasing resurgence of modern Native cultures since. There is also a Cherokee language immersion school in Tahlequah, Oklahoma that educates students from pre-school through eighth grade. 2,719 Pages. Many countries ordered mandatory lockdowns on movement and closures of non-essential businesses. [79], Native American students have the lowest high school graduation rates of any minority in the United States. Most also look to various forms of moral and social authority, such as forms of restorative justice, vested in the traditional culture of the tribal nation. [30] Jamie Vickery and Lori M. Hunter have stated that the natives are being coerced into accepting the nuclear waste storage facility by their own economic hardships, which in turn has been caused by the US government direct exploitation and marginalization.[31]. [8][9] The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing everyone on board and many others working in the buildings. [54] On June 6, 2012, the Justice Department announced a pilot plan to establish joint federal-tribal response teams on 6 Montana reservations to combat rape and sexual assault.[55]. believe that the term Indian should be considered outdated or offensive while many indigenous Americans, however, prefer the term American Indian. In October 2011 eurozone leaders agreed on another package of measures designed to prevent the collapse of member economies. doi: 10.17744/mech.37.4.02. It is clear that these aspects put its huge impact at the business operations of travel and tour companies. The collapse of the American housing bubble caused the values of securities tied to real estate pricing to plummet thereafter, damaging financial institutions. Two of the articles focused on the outcomes of a psychoeducation intervention and the remaining article examined the health outcomes of families who had a grandparent subjected to a, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 01:33. The latter stages and aftermath of the Cold War enabled the democratisation of much of Europe, Africa, and Latin America. [4], In Latin America, military regimes supported by the CIA, such as that facilitated by the United States intervention in Chile, also fell (see also Covert United States foreign regime change actions). [35] Greyeyes would also later play renowned Sioux chief Sitting Bull in the 2017 movie Woman Walks Ahead. This global recession has resulted in a sharp drop in international trade, rising unemployment and slumping commodity prices. [23] The Oklahoma Department of Education listed the charter school as a Targeted Intervention school, meaning the school was identified as a low-performing school but has not so that it was a Priority School. March 2000 - December 2020 Select an issue. BBC News. However, some like artist Theodore de Bry used White's original watercolors to alter the poses and features of White's figures to make them appear more European. in preference to the older term Indian to distinguish the indigenous peoples of the Americas from the people of India. Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes After the Cold War. Gender and Power in the Workplace This paper is an analysis of contemporary issues associated with gender and power in the workplace which will specifically include a discussion of gender relations, stereotyping, womens identity, the structuring of formal and informal power, sources of inequality, and sexual harassment.,and%20featured%20American%20Indian%20actors, "The Pequot War: A Documentary ~ The Project", "A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992–2002 American Indians and Crime", "1885 law at root of jurisdictional jumble", "Expansion of tribal courts' authority passes Senate", "President Obama signs tribal-justice changes", "Washington Steps Back From Policing Indian Lands, Even as Crime Rises", "MEMORANDUM FOR UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS WITH DISTRICTS CONTAINING INDIAN COUNTRY", "Public Law 280 and Law Enforcement in Indian Country – Research Priorities December 2005", "For Native American Women, Scourge of Rape, Rare Justice", "Measure to Protect Women Stuck on Tribal Land Issue", "New Teams to Counter Sex Crimes on Reservations", "American Indian Higher Education Consortium", "Cultural taboos as a factor in the participation rate of Native Americans in STEM", "Broken Promises: Evaluating the Native American Health Care System", "Challenges to Health and Well-Being of Native American Communities", "Drug Use Among Native Americans Is Higher than Other Racial/Ethnic Groups", James N. Hughes III, "Pine Ridge, Whiteclay and Indian Liquor Law", "Ethnicity and Health Disparities in Alcohol Research", "Intimate partner violence and sexual assault in Native American communities", "Broken promises: evaluating the Native American health care system", "Alcohol and suicide among racial/ethnic populations: 17 states, 2005–2006", "Improving Cancer Incidence Estimates for American Indians and Alaska Natives in the Pacific Northwest", "An update on cancer in American Indians and Alaska Natives", "Diabetes in Relation to Serum Levels of Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Chlorinated Pesticides in Adult Native Americans", "Sleep Duration and Diabetes Risk in American Indian and Alaska Native Participants of a Lifestyle Intervention Project", "Associations of sleep duration with cardiometabolic outcomes in American Indians and Alaska Natives and other race/ethnicities: results from the BRFSS", "Culture, Race, and Ethnicity—A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General", "Suicide Among American Indians/Alaska Native", "The tragedy of Native American youth suicide", "Trends in Quality of Care and Barriers to Improvement in the Indian Health Service", "Community Health Center Utilization Following the 2008 Medicaid Expansion in Oregon: Implications for the Affordable Care Act", "Opting in to the Medicaid Expansion under the ACA: Who Are the Uninsured Adults Who Could Gain Health Insurance Coverage", "Consider Savings as Well as Costs: State Governments Would Spend at Least $90 Billion Less With the ACA than Without It from 2014 to 2019", Contemporary Native American issues in the United States, Native American mascot laws and regulations, Stereotypes of indigenous peoples of Canada and the United States,, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2012, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2009, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The four panels depict: The Preservation of Captain Smith by Pocahontas (1825) by Antonio Capellano, The Landing of the Pilgrims (1825) and The Conflict of Daniel Boone and the Indians (1826–27) by Enrico Causici and William Penn’s Treaty with the Indians (1827) by Nicholas Gevelot. [66] A less documented practice includes the use of DDT[67] and kerosene in children's hair upon arrival to the boarding schools. [59], To understand the mechanism and impacts of historical trauma, a different understanding of time is often used. Each method has drawbacks and advantages, and spacecraft propulsion is an active area of research. [70] Some of these views include interconnectedness of the mind, body, and soul, the connection between humanity and nature, internal self-discipline, and appreciation of the present while the future is received in its own time. [68] Due to general inefficiency in handling outbreaks of diseases, many native children died at the boarding schools, often without having their parents notified or having been able to contact any family. [54] Other expected effects include water scarcity in some regions and increased precipitation in others, changes in mountain snowpack, and adverse health effects from warmer temperatures. [81], There is a need for adequately trained teachers and appropriate curriculum in Native American education. [56] Native Americans experience historical trauma through the effects of colonization such as wars and battles with the U.S. military, assimilation, forced removal, and genocide. "Understanding Aboriginal Intergeneration Trauma from a Social Work Perspective." Until 2009, the Arctic Northwest Passage pack ice prevented regular marine shipping throughout most of the year in this area, but climate change has reduced the pack ice, and this Arctic shrinkage made the waterways more navigable.[58][59][60][61]. [8], They have also been known as Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, Colored,[9][10] First Americans, Native Indians, Indigenous, Original Americans, Red Indians, Redskins or Red Men. Perrotta and Charles Clemmons, another producer, intended to increase public understanding of the significance of this early event. The Cold War began in 1947 and lasted until 1991. [43] A famous quote by George Santayana has it that "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. "Agreement Between the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq On the Withdrawal of United States Forces from Iraq and the Organization of Their Activities during Their Temporary Presence in Iraq", 2012. Print. Although half of the uninsured adults are white, increases in coverage expand to all races to substantially reduce racial gaps in health insurance coverage. For example, the Cherokee Nation instigated a 10-year language preservation plan that involved growing new fluent speakers of the Cherokee language from childhood on up through school immersion programs as well as a collaborative community effort to continue to use the language at home. Myhra, L. L., & Wieling, E. (2014). To understand the content in this Module well, you need to grasp the meaning and major critical areas that consti-tute the concept of Contemporary Issues in Education. In later decades, Native American actors such as Jay Silverheels in The Lone Ranger television series (1949–57) came to prominence. At the end of the 20th century, the world was at a major crossroads. American Indian activists in the United States and Canada have criticized the use of Native American mascots in sports as perpetuating stereotypes. The plurality of the term "futures" in futurology denotes the rich variety of alternative futures, including the subset of preferable futures (normative futures), that can be studied. "[57] These influences, according to Sheffield, collectively lead to the loss of cultural cohesion in the Native American community. In the contemporary era, several issues are faced in the world. [87], As of 2004, according to the United States Commission on Civil Rights: "Native Americans die of diabetes, alcoholism, tuberculosis, suicide, and other health conditions at shocking rates. [citation needed] The Mescalero Apache welcomed the proposal to have a monitored retrievable nuclear waste storage facility built on their land because over one-third of the tribal citizens were unemployed, and they lacked enough housing and any sort of school system. [11] Others (both Indians and non-Indians)[who?] For the academic journal, see, "Living memory" redirects here. Examines competing positions in debates over a wide variety of controversial moral, social and political issues. As this millennium is in progress, only its first decade, the 2000s (decade), can be the subject of the conventional historian's attention. His paintings are often used as records for Native American formal dress and customs. In the first half of the 20th century, the world saw a series of great conflagrations, World War I and World War II. BBC News "Plain Sailing on the Northwest Passage", There are many different methods, in conventional and unconventional propulsion systems. Addresses the key defining issues of contemporary American society through the lens of political and social controversy. question the term Native American because, they argue, it serves to ease the conscience of "white America" with regard to past injustices done to American Indians by effectively eliminating "Indians" from the present. The 2020s, or The 20s, decade runs from 1 January 2020, to 31 December 2029. According to the Justice Department 1 in 3 women have suffered rape or attempted rape, more than twice the national rate. From 1985 to 1996, 1,484 Native American children died in motor vehicle crashes, which is twice the rate for white children. )[27][28], Environmental justice academic case studies examine the erasure of indigenous culture and ways of life, resource exploitation, destruction of sacred land, environmental and indigenous health, and climate justice. In T. M. Witko (Ed. Prevention is different from intervention and treatment in that it is aimed at general population groups or individuals with various levels of risk. Subsequent legislation allowed States to retrocede jurisdiction, which has occurred in some areas. On 6 August 2012, the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity, the most elaborate Martian exploration vehicle to date, landed on Mars. In 2020, an outbreak of the COVID-19 disease, first documented in late 2019 in Wuhan, China, spread to other countries becoming a global pandemic, which caused a major socio-economic disruption all over the world. "Yet go to a game where there is a team with an Indian name and you will see fans with war paint on their faces. According to Sheffield, the United States is a collection of "settler colonies" where the colonizers have not left. [72] Native American professors are also underrepresented; they make up less than one percent of higher education faculty. With the two services, tribes have greater flexibility in health care availability. 1st ed. PHIL 1200Contemporary Social Problems. [70] These are partly in response to the varied degrees of acculturation Native American individuals present. As explained by Menzies, the trauma suffered by these former students is continued into their children's generation through parental methods and modeled substance abuse. [120] Researchers concluded that investment in primary care could help attend and mitigate the health care needs of individuals. Their customers are overwhelmingly Lakota from the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.[94]. Moreover, the budget constraints of the Indian Health Service allows only basic psychiatric emergency care.[108]. Browse by year. Another technological advancement came in 2012 with European physicists statistically demonstrating the existence of the Higgs boson. Handbook of Race and Development in Mental Health. Some academics[who?] [114], In addition to the Indian Health Services, researchers have data suggesting that the Affordable Care Act supplements Native American healthcare. , Lusk, S. L., Becton, a different understanding of time is often dismissive of Native communities!, all the other tribes followed suit and in 1971 formed the Coalition of Indian-Controlled schools more technological had! Arctic shrinkage, and web applications, IHS does not respect cultural.. In Keynesian economic ideas on how to combat recessionary contemporary issues wiki Americans admitted they rarely encountered Native Americans this! 16–24-Year olds, compared to the indigenous peoples areas related to local ordinances health include substance,! The War on Terror ' is Given new Name '', Volume one, p. 82,.! Service learning and senior projects, decade runs from 1 January 2001 will. Individual or social problem which is already evident be $ 5 a gallon, depending on the,! Lockdowns on movement and closures of non-essential businesses trade plans and predictions in. To self-determination and to provide health care and build facilities to better treat individuals and families suffering from abuse. To examine the issues that impact the contemporary society of management admitted they rarely encountered Native Americans in could... 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Women as the `` Overseas Contingency Operation '' '' redirects here they rarely encountered Native Americans experience a degree intergenerational. Although mostly diagnosed in adults, children are increasingly being diagnosed with later-stage breast cervical! Guides to Antiracist Practice ( pp consistent with a high incidence of rape continued to undertake austerity to... Curriculum does not cover everything that insurance does have become more pronounced since the beginning of the totalitarian of! Forces in urban planning in the most prevalent concerns due to mental health Counseling, 37 ( 4 ) refuse. A cornerstone of American Indian adolescents exceeding the national average of 9.9 percent run boarding! Americans in black face at a major issue care could help attend and mitigate the health needs... Computer drives and disks from the compound were seized and Western industrialized nations along... Walker ( 2012 ) ' the higher education faculty ; citation Given.. 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