commentary on philippians 3:10

Let us then try to see what Paul thinks about when he speaks about righteousness. He was far more qualified than his legalizing opponents were to make such a claim. That I may know him. This is a claim that Paul makes more than once (Acts 22:3; Acts 23:6; Acts 26:5). But what things were gain to me, these I have counted loss for Christ. In 48 b.c. The apostle did know Christ, and that years ago; he knew whom he had believed; he knew him for himself; he knew his personal interest in him; nor did he know any but him in the business of salvation: but his knowledge of Christ, though it was very great, it was, imperfect; he knew but in part, and … (Phl 3:9) The spiritual benefits of his gain in Jesus Christ. Major Prophets Poetical Books There were not very many Pharisees, never more than six thousand, but they were the spiritual athletes of Judaism. Dogs, for their malice against faithful professors of the gospel of Christ, barking at them and biting them. So the people whom Paul attacks may have been the clever Gnostics who produced specious arguments to justify their sinning or they may have been misguided Christians who twisted the loveliest things into justification for the ugliest sins. In common language it was popularly derived from kusi (compare Greek #2965) ballomena (Greek #906), which means that which is thrown to the dogs; and in medical language it means excrement, (dung, as the King James Version translates it). However, they exorcised a slave girl of her spirit of divination––thus depriving her owners of a source of income. Paul shared with the Philippians the principle of being able to rejoice in the Lord – not in circumstances or in situations, but in the Lord who works all things together for good. The Scotchman, too, wherever he may be, remembers the land of ‘brown heath and shaggy wood.’ And the Irishman, too, let him be where he will, still thinks the ‘Emerald Isle’ the first gem of the sea. Even in the ends of the earth they remained unshakeably Roman. Looking at what is in the past often keeps us from what God has for us in the future. There were those who distorted the Christian doctrine of grace. The problems of unity facing the Philippians did not spring from great problems with carnality as was the case with the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 3:1-4). i. Paul did not mind reminding them because he was passionately concerned about certain dangers, and he would speak out strongly against them. Be of good cheer. Prophets Its basis is that the Christian lives for ever in the presence of Jesus Christ. Historical Books (Psalms 69:9). But this Christian joy enables a man to accept even them with a smile. With us the dog is a well-loved animal, but it was not so in the East in the time of Jesus. b. In the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus, part of the torture of Lazarus is that the street dogs annoy him by licking his sores (Luke 16:21). (i) He says that he is trying to grasp that for which he has been grasped by Christ. He and Wesley carried out a mission in Cornwall, near Land's End, and Nelson tells about it. The Christian awaits the coming of Christ, at which everything will be changed. “The Greek word points out the strong exertions made in the race; every muscle and nerve is exerted, and he puts forth every particle of his strength in running. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. V. Hutton . i. He says that he proposes to write things to them that he has written before. In the Christian life there is no room for a person who desires to rest upon his laurels. When Spain led the world (in the 15th century), her coins reflected her national arrogance and were inscribed Ne Plus Ultra which meant “Nothing Further” – meaning that Spain was the ultimate in all the world. In modern speech that would mean that the body is an utterly evil and horrible thing; but vile in sixteenth-century English still retained the meaning of its derivation from the Latin word vilis which in fact means nothing worse than cheap, valueless. Philippians 3:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Philippians 3:11, NIV: "and so, somehow, attaining to the resurrection from the dead." Before Paul became a Christian, he thought all these things made him a success in the effort to please God by works. Mar 1, 2017. [A previous revision of this page can be found here]. ii. What Leads ‘Christians’ Away from Christ? The difference is between living and trusting in your own righteousness and living and trusting in God’s righteousness given through faith in Christ. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Vital to the understanding of this passage is the correct interpretation of the Greek word teleios (Greek #5046) which occurs twice, rendered by the Revised Standard Version as Perfect in Philippians 3:12 and as mature in Philippians 3:15. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22', There are options set in 'Advanced Options', The Whole Bible Denomination: Assembly Of God. Prophets It is used to mean mature in mind and therefore means one who is qualified in a subject as opposed to a mere learner. In Philippians 3:7 Paul said that he counted; in this verse he said I also count. So, then, Paul claims that from his birth he was a God-fearing, Law-observing Jew; that his lineage was as pure as Jewish lineage could be; and that he belonged to the most aristocratic tribe of the Jews. I call this an extraordinary sorrow, because the man who wept was no soft piece of sentiment, and seldom shed a tear even under grievous trials.” (Spurgeon), iii. Brethren, join in following my example, and note those who so walk, as you have us for a pattern. They said that, since grace was wide enough to cover every sin, a man could sin as he liked and not worry; it would make no difference to the all-forgiving love of God. -------------------- The real circumcision is not a mark in the flesh; it is that true worship, that true glory, and that true confidence in the grace of God in Jesus Christ. Scripture: Philippians 3:1-11. A Hebrew was a Jew who was not only of pure racial descent but who had deliberately, and often laboriously, retained the Hebrew tongue. From which we also eagerly wait for the Savior: As Philippians would eagerly await a visit from the emperor in Rome, even more so should Christians eagerly await the coming of their King – Jesus Christ. Interactive Bible study with John Piper. But if a man is to be in special relationship with God, something far more is needed than a mark in his body. Philippians 3 He preached in the same church as C. H. Spurgeon over one hundred years earlier. Remembering that, we try to paraphrase this passage and to set down, not so much what Paul says, as what was in his mind. What we don’t know can never excuse us from failing to fulfill what we do know to do. The only boast of the Christian is not in what he has done for himself but in what Christ has done for him. Finally, my brethren, rejoice in the Lord. ii. They declared that they were within the grace of God and that, therefore, it did not matter what they did; God would forgive. Paul would admit that they have a concern for works, but they were evil workers. This is what grieved Paul so at their teaching. Curiously, often those who promote the idea of having confidence in the flesh are the same ones who are the least qualified to have such confidence. ii. Luke-Acts 1. Paul sets down two very important things. We can say that Paul’s attitude was the same that Jesus described in the parable of the pearl of great price (Matthew 13:45-46). "All that time, Mr. Wesley and I lay on the floor: he had my greatcoat for a pillow, and I had Burkitt's notes on the New Testament for mine. ii. Few preachers would dare to make the appeal with which Paul begins this section. It was the teaching of Paul that we are saved by grace alone, that salvation is the free gift of God, that we can never earn it but can only humbly and adoringly accept what God has offered to us; and, further, that the offer of God is to all men of all nations and that none is excluded. We must as much resist the temptation to depression and melancholy as we would to any form of sin.” (Meyer). a. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. Probably their ultimate damnation is more in view. He was so loyal a Jew that he had never lost the Hebrew speech; he was not only a religious Jew, he was a member of their strictest and the most self-disciplined sect; he had had in his heart a burning zeal for what he had thought was the cause of God; and he had a record in Judaism in which no man could mark a fault. B. Lightfoot translates it: "Vie with each other in imitating me." It was to Israel that they in the most special sense traced their heritage. The various gains are all counted as one loss.” (Wuest), ii. From one point of view it looked as if Christianity was a grim job. In Leviticus the sacred law-giver says that the uncircumcised hearts of Israel must be humbled to accept the punishment of God (Leviticus 26:41). ii. “Brethren, it is a very healthy thing for us who are ministers to read a biography like that of M’Cheyne. His effort was put forth to do God’s will, not his own. Who will transform our lowly body that it may be conformed to His glorious body, according to the working by which He is able even to subdue all things to Himself. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. This can refer to either their ultimate damnation or to the present destruction of their lives. Scripture: Philippians 3:10, Ephesians 3:19, Psalms 30:5, Matthew 1:23. To that thought he now returns and defines more closely what he means. The Gnostics were heretics who tried to intellectualize Christianity and make a kind of philosophy out of it. Because it is such a glorious call, it is worth reaching forward for it. It is the same in Greek thought; the dog stands for everything that is shamelessly unclean. Paul has just attacked the Jewish teachers and insisted that it is the Christians, not the Jews, who are the truly circumcised and covenant people. B. Paul’s utter confidence in a living relationship with Jesus Christ. i. It often happens that men can stand the great sorrows and the great trials of life but are undone by what are almost minor inconveniences. It wasn’t so much that they were a loss by their very character, as much as he chose to regard them as loss. Teleios (Greek #5046) in Greek has a variety of interrelated meanings. PDF eBook. He knew what it was to be a Jew in the highest sense of the term, and had deliberately abandoned it all for the sake of Jesus Christ. A verse-by-verse exegetical commentary on the Greek New Testament. b. The lad had found a joy which not even the scaffold could take away. He regards these people as enemies of the cross of Christ. In by far the most of them it does not signify what we might call abstract perfection but a kind of functional perfection, adequacy for some given purpose. 2 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision. Winners dont just jog for exercise; theyre into it all the way. This first counting was at his conversion; the second – some 30 years later – was in his Roman prison. i. They regarded circumcision in itself as being enough to set them apart specially for God. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. So he says, "Out of my experience I tell you that the Jewish way is wrong and futile. The problems of unity facing the Philippians did not spring from great problems with carnality as was the case with the Corinthians (1 Corinthians 3:1-4). Paul claims that there was no demand of the Law which he did not fulfil. Paul is not saying here that he desires sexual intimacy with Christ, but … That is to say, he will never glory in any of his achievements or use them as an excuse for relaxation. a. It is not Paul's aim to know about Christ, but personally to know him. “They tell me he is a refiner, that he cleanses from spots; he has washed me in his precious blood, and to that extent I know him. When we say that men are enemies of the cross, we do not mean that they are enemies of a physical representation of the cross. There were those who distorted the principle of Christian liberty. They tell me that he is a breaker, and that he breaks fetters, he has set my soul at liberty, and therefore I know him. We also have a certain character as citizens of heaven. The New Testament The lad was condemned to death for his misdeeds; and the father's letter goes on: "His peace increased daily, till on Saturday, the day he was to die, he came out of the condemned-room, clothed in his shroud, and went into the cart. i. So Paul states his attainments. These are the sort of men who bring tears into the minister’s eyes; these are they who break his heart; they are the enemies of the cross of Christ.” (Spurgeon). So, then, Paul is saying, "I found the Law and all its ways of no more use than the refuse thrown on the garbage heap to help me to get into a right relationship with God. Might you not peep about to find a hiding-place for your insignificance?” (Spurgeon), iii. (Phl 3:8) Paul’s gain in Jesus Christ. Minor Prophets The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, Yet indeed I also count all things loss for the excellence of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them as rubbish, that I may gain Christ. Skubala has two meanings. Cookie Notice: Yet he assured us this was not so. Nevertheless, to the degree that we have already attained, let us walk by the same rule, let us be of the same mind. That is, he wants to experience the same power that raised Christ from the dead surging through his own being, overcoming sin in his life and producing the Christian graces.” (Wuest), ii. Philippians 3:11, KJV: "If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead." The Old Testament ( 5:14; Hosea 5:8). i. Jesus was not merely resuscitated from the dead in the same body. God will reveal even this to you: Paul had great trust in the ability of the Lord to deal with His own people. Paul wanted to make sure that this pressure pushed them together instead of driving them apart. Martin on the mutilation: “By a pun, he mockingly calls it a mere cutting, katatome, i.e. Second, on account of the ill effects of their conduct. iii. And be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith; a. “It is a high calling because it comes from above, from God; the conception of it has emanated from His heart. (Phl 3:15-16) Paul exhorts the Philippians to adopt this same attitude. There is a Rabbinic saying, "The nations of the world are like dogs." Every man is grasped by Christ for some purpose; and, therefore, every man should all his life press on so that he may grasp that purpose for which Christ grasped him. Paul has renounced his former life of earning salvation by works and discipline. He knew that the only way to peace was to abandon the way of human achievement and accept the way of grace. THE WORTHLESSNESS OF THE LAW AND THE VALUE OF CHRIST (Philippians 3:8-9). d. Let us be of the same mind: Part of doing what we do know is being of the same mind. Read Introduction to Philippians “If, by any means, I may attain to the resurrection from the dead.” In English, in this verse, Paul appears to doubt that he will rise from the dead. They began with the principle that from the beginning of time there had always been two realities--spirit and matter. He does not mean by this that he is about to close the letter. There is a certain indestructibility in Christian joy; and it is so, because Christian joy is in the Lord. The *emperor Augustus allowed retired soldiers to live thereafter they had supported him in a battle in 31 *BC. For many walk: With great sadness, Paul realizes that there are many who walk in a manner contrary to what he teaches. After the discovery of the New World, she realized that she was not the end of the world, so Spain changed the inscription on her coinage to Plus Ultra meaning “More Beyond.” In the same pattern, some Christian lives say, “Nothing Further” and others say “More Beyond.”. I may attain: Paul didn’t doubt that he was saved, but he did long mightily for the completion of his salvation through the resurrection of his body. This is nothing to be surprised at. Yet we should expect some sort of transition in the letter with the word finally. “He wants to know in an experiential way the power of Christ’s resurrection.

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