who established an observatory in daulatabad

If you want Nitin Singhania: Summary of Science and Technology Through The Ages UPSC Notes | EduRev Both (a) & (b)D. Neither (a) nor (b)ExplanationThe era of practical and more rational cure to diseases emerged around 600 BC. Education in Karnataka through the ages by Jyotsna Kamat Education Among Muslims . WHO’s Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date we now celebrate every year as World Health Day. This made the situation more deplorable. OphthalmologyC. (xi) Ain-i-Akbari- “regulation of perfume office” of Akbar. (xix) Saltpetre, sulphur & charcoal were used in different ratios to produce different varieties of gunpowder. (vi) Formulated area of a triangle & discovered algebra. A. ArithmeticB. (v) Geometric patterns- found in temples in form of geometrical motifs. and the Adilshahis (1489-1686 C.E.) using search above. It was due to the failure in different matters he has been called a mad Sultan. He was highly ambitious and was a man of high moral character. (x) Book deals with preparation of liquids (mainly mercury)(xi) He also wrote Uttaratantra, a supplement to Sushruta Samhita and deals with preparation of medicinal drugs.And also wrote four ayurvedic treatises later. (iii) Last miniscule matter which could not be further subdivided- Parmanu. Hindushahi ruler Jayapala invaded Ghazni with help the son of a former Ghazni governor. Secondly his creation of Department of Agriculture for the purpose of Large Scale cultivation of lands for surplus production was a welcomed step. Muhammad-bin-Tughluq next to Alluddin Khilzi was the greatest sultan of Delhi who is best remembered for his bold experiments and innovative thought in the field of administration as well as in agriculture. So in this context, it is very difficult to make an important and unprejudiced assessment of the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. Be it distillation of perfumes, the making of dyes, the extraction of sugar, the weaving of cotton. EduRev is like a wikipedia In the late 1180s, Ballala launched a campaign against Bhillama, and decisively defeated his army at Soratur. Compass of the ship – Machayantra or fish machine(in the shape of a fish). He was very much faithful to his own religion and obeyed the religious rites and was regular at his daily prayers. (xii) Sawai Jai Singh MEDICINE (i) Vedic times → Ashwini Kumars were practisioners of medicine & were given divine status. Ultimately the Sultan incurred a huge financial loss and his reputation as a conqueror hampered much. Complete But it is a fact that whatever control could be established in the south was because of making Daulatabad the capital. The Sultan had set up rest houses on the way to help the travellers. 1699: Khalsa was established by Guru Gobind Singh. Transfer of the capital from Delhi to Devagari (Daultabad) has the most controversial step of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. But he failed to keep an effective control over its minting. Legends recorded by Al-Biruni in the eleventh century say that he was born in the village of Daihak near in Gujarat "one hundred years ago," i.e., at the start of the tenth century. And again he had the ambition to conquer distant countries which would require a good deal of money. KarateC. No doubt the Doab region between the Ganga and Yamuna was highly fertile and production was more than any other part of the country, but hike in the tax came at a wrong time and assessment of revenue was not based on the factual report. (vii) Sanskrit terminologies for various parts of the ship are:- Anchor of ship - Nava bandhan kilaha- Sail - Vata vastra- Rudder of ship - Jeni pata or karna- Keel of the ship - Nava tala- Compass of the ship - Machayantra or fish machine (in shape of a fish). Strong secular traditions were followed by Sultans of peninsular India. His increase of tax in the fertile Doab region was not at all in-correct. Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq could not stop the forging of new coins. (xviii) After advent of Mughals^ manufacture of gunpowder and its use in guns started. He could have tried more to improve it. (ii) Areas of application of chemistry:- Metallurgy (smelting of metals)- Distillation of perfumes- Making of dyes and pigments Extraction of sugar Production of paper.- Production of gunpowder.- Casting of canons, etc. But he was misunderstood by the people. And again during the time of his father Sultan Giyasuddin Tughlaq he led the imperial forces to Telengana and Warrangal. Token Currency (A. D. 1329-30) The age of Muhammad-bin-Tughluq is considered a very significant epoch in … Further he had squeezed the treasury by spending a lot of money in his various experiments including the transfer of the capital. (v) Indian philosophers conceived the idea of splitting an atom. (vi) Bijaganita- ‘the other mathematics’ as Bija means ‘another’ or ‘second’ & Ganita means mathematics → it was recognised as a parallel system of computation. But the forged coins which were detected were not exchanged. But it came at a time when the Doab region was at famine. Hence, it was an invention not by John Napier but by Mahaviracharya. Brahmagupta(i) In his book Brahmasputa Siddhantika (7th century AD)- mentioned Zero for the first time as a number. Muhammad- bin-Tughlaq introduced bronze coins in place of silver and gold but there remained certain defects which made him a big failure in this experiment. The city was abandoned by the Delhi rulers due to the lack of water supply in the area. Astronomical charts were referred as Zij. Historians like Elphinstone, Edward Thomass, Havell and V.A. He was the eldest son of Ghiyas -ud -Din -Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughluq dynasty.His wife was the daughter of the Raja of Dipalpur. As a result each house turned to be a mint. Firoz Shah Bahmani wrote commentaries on Shariat and Quran. Present form of Judo & karate originated from it. 46.Who among the following Sultan built an observatory at Daulatabad? At first a large area of land say sixty square miles in area was taken up in the project. He promised to exchange silver coins for bronze coins. They were supplied with all sorts of agricultural instruments and seeds. (iv) Town planning of Harappa indicates a good knowledge of measurement & geometry. out UPSC lecture & lessons summary in the same course for UPSC Syllabus. 1) Last great ruler who transferred the capital from Gulbarga to Bidar. Therefore, the Sultan decided to lay Delhi waste in order to punish them. (iii) Greeks- influenced by Indian medicines during Indo-Greek rule in India in 180 BC-10 AD. (xiv) He said presence of termites (Deemak) & plants could indicate presence of water in that particular area. Nilakanatha Jyotirvida compiled Tajik, dealing with a large number of Persian technical terms. Further from military point of view, he was an excellent commander and during the time of Sultan Mubarak Shaha Khiliji he was promoted to the rank of the master of the horse from an ordinary soldier. perfect preparation. Distillation of perfumes Which of the above were applied in ancient times? On December 16, 1896, 3,015 acres (12.20 km 2) of land surrounding the observatory was donated to the City of Los Angeles by Griffith J. Griffith. Therefore, another increase in the land revenue tax upto ten percent more in the Doab by the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq, definitely created serious peasant discontentment. (v) Development of metallurgy in India- from Bronze Age. (iv) 19th Century- James Taylor translated Lilavati & made it known to people across the globe. The kingdoms of the Bahamanis (1348-1527 C.E.) Unique fire-altar shapes were associated with unique gifts from the Gods. The ghats on the great Ganga riverfront at Banaras are unquestionably the city's most iconic and celebrated image. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. It was found a huge amount of foreged copper coins in the market as a result of private minting. UPSC Nitin Singhania: Summary of Science and Technology Through The Ages UPSC Notes | EduRev Summary and Exercise are very important for AryabhattiyaC. unlike his MODERN COUNTER PART, and the ‘TUGHLUQ REFORMS’ were not the part of any Machiavellian-Koudillya thanthra (Chanakya Thanthra ). Both lunar and solar calendars were in use. They are the only sources of knowledge of Indian mathematics from the Vedic period. (iv) Ships were primarily classified into two classes:- Samanya (Ordinary class)- Vishesha (special class)(v) Ordinary class^for sea voyage & had two types of ships:(a) Dirgha type of ship - long and narrow hull(b) Unnata type of ship - higher hull(vi) As per length & position of cabins, ships were classified into:(a) Sarvamandira vessels - cabins extending from one end of deck to another, used for transportation of royal voyage & horses. Among other public works he under took the construction of an Observatory on the chain of hills near Daulatabad called Balaghat which … Sushruta flourished c. 6th-century BCE, ancient Indian surgeon known for his pioneering operations and techniques and his influential treatise Sushruta-Samhita, the main source of knowledge about surgery in ancient India. After some initial success, the Delhi army perished in the mountainous region of Himalayas due to severe rain fall. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. Introduction of token currency was another bold experiment of the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. A huge amount of forged coins entered into market and government treasury as those were minted secretly by private parties. No doubt the Doab region between the Ganga and Yamuna was highly fertile and production was more than any other part of the country, but hike in the tax came at a wrong time and assessment of revenue was not based on the factual report. It was a great loss to the Sultan both in men and money. of Nitin Singhania: Summary of Science and Technology Through The Ages UPSC Notes | EduRev for UPSC, the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner. They were asked to grow different crops in rotation. When diplomats met to form the United Nations in 1945, one of the things they discussed was setting up a global health organization. The Yukti Kalpa Taru sums up in a condensed form all the available information. He was also encouraged by Qublai Khan, the ruler of China and Ghazan Khan, the ruler of Persia who had successfully experimented with a token currency. But lb Batuta gives a complete different reason for this transfer of capital. (viii) Best evidences of Indian metallurgy- Iron pillar of Mehrauli in Delhi & idol of Gautama Buddha in Sultanganj, Bihar → have not caught rust. 2) He was called as Wali for his association with Sufi Gesu Daraz 1463 - 1482. (xviii) Also made contributions in Astrology orJyotish shastra. The increase of taxation in the Doab Region was an ill measured step on the part of the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. Bile, 2. These coins Barani says, were heaped up outside the fort and remained lying there for many years.- These above experiments not only brought wastage of money but also affected the prestige of the Sultan. Firoz Shah Tughaq established observation posts at Delhi. (ii) Dhanvantari- God of medicine. For thousands of year these ghats have been the centre for religion, culture and commerce, offering an unrivaled panorama for visitors to the city. Question 1:Which branch of mathematics was called Bijaganita during ancient times? The major centers for the study of astronomy were Delhi, Mathura, Ujjain and Banaras. The Yadavas were driven to the north of the Malaprabha and Krishna rivers, which formed the Yadava-Hoysala border for the next two decades. People who were already paying almost fifty percent of the land revenue since the time of Ala-ud-din suddenly became unwilling to pay more than that. (viii) Faizi, in Akbar’s court also translated Bhaskara’s Beejaganita. (x) Astrnomy- Feroz Shah Tughlaq established an observatory in Delhi & Feroz Shah Bahamani at Daulatabad. But during the time Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq a huge quantity of coins was required for various transactions and there was a dearth of gold and silver coins in the country. Lastly, it was a novel experiment, therefore, required more time and attention on the part of the Sultan which he could not give. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq ascended the throne just three days after the sudden death of his father, Giyasuddin Tughlaq. The government treasury was filled with bronze or copper coins. The huge population was moved to Daulatabad in order to set up the rule of Tughlaq dynasty in the city. A large number of officers and guards were appointed to look after the project. Neither his selection of the place Devagiri as a site of capital nor his act of shifting the entire population of Delhi was welcomed by any historian. Do check out the sample questions In 1337 Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq sent a huge army to invade Karajal. Question 7:Which of the following was/were centres of medicinal learning during ancient times? (iii) Atharva Veda- first book to mention diseases, its cure & medicines → said that diseases were caused by demons & spirits entering into human body & can be cured by magical charms and spells. Question 9:The compass of the ship used for navigation in ancient times was called A. Vata VastraB. Jeni PataC. He was a great soldier and great scholar in Arabic, Persian, Kannada and Telugu. The government spent over it more than seventy lakhs. Further the people of the south were under the feeling of an alien rule. Within a very short time specimens of this coin were found in different parts of the country. Almost like Don Quixote in Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq just after the death of his father, declared himself as the Sultan in Tughlaqabad and after staying 40 days there, he proceeded to Delhi where he was greeted by the people as well as the Nobles. Wind, which are produced with the help of blood, flesh & marrow & body becomes sick due to an imbalance between these three.- Prevention rather than cure.- Genetics is also mentioned.Sushruta Samhita- Mentions practical problems of Surgery & Obstetrics.- Sushruta studied anatomy.- His forte was mainly:(a) Rhinoplasty (plastic surgery)(b) Ophthalmology (ejection of Cataract)- Surgery- termed as Sastrakarma.- This book records in detail the steps to be taken for performance of a surgery.- Rhinoplasty (restoration of a mutilated nose through plastic surgery)- his biggesr contribution.- Ejection of cataracts from eye was even done by him. Akbar the Great's Tomb and Fort This also came at a time when the Doab was at the verge of a famine. The untimely death of Hakim Hashim Gilani, the astronomer who was to supervise the observatory, put an end to the project. A separate Islamic empire was established in Bengal and, within a short time, almost the whole of North India was under Muslim control. The great Bahmani king, Firuz (1397–1422), for example, encouraged botany, geometry, and logic. (viii) Jyotisa part of Aryabhattiya- deals with astronomical definitions, method of determining true position of planets, movement of Sun & Moon and calculation of eclipses. Lastly, it was in the mind of the Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq that he would be able to utilize the vast wealth and resources of the south, if his capital would be there at Devagiri. The increase of taxation in the Doab Region was an ill measured step on the part of the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. He lost both men and money in both the expeditions of Khurassan and Karajal. (xiii) Rasarnava- Sanskrit text written in medieval period (12th century) & deals with Tantrism (metallic preparations & alchemy). A regular postal service was established between Delhi and Daulatabad. He had profound knowledge in logic, philosophy, mathematics astronomy and physical sciences. The army suffered terribly and we are told by Barani that out 10, 000 army only 10 horse-men could return to Delhi to tell the story of the disaster. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Biography of Muhammad Bin Tughluq | Tughluq Dynasty | Indian History, Muhammad Tughlaq’s Character was a Mixture of Opposite Traits, Domestic Policies of Muhammad Bin Tughluq | India | Tughluq Dynasty, Biography of Ala-Ud-Din Khilzi (1296—1316), Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Marathas. Firstly Devagiri had been a base for the expansion of Turkish rule in India. As regards to his foreign expeditions, he was seen as a great failure. Be it distillation of perfumes, the making of dyes, the extraction of sugar, the weaving of cotton. 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Xiii ) Rasarnava- Sanskrit text written in medieval period “ a search was made of who established an observatory in daulatabad Raja Singh! Further, people made payments to the project weakness of the most and... Crops in rotation a conqueror hampered much kingdoms in Karnataka through the ages by Jyotsna Kamat education among Muslims was... India also has 4.9 rating was exposed to Mongol invasions Lilavati- translated into Persian by Faizi rules trigonometric. Bad planning or faulty implementation from the Vedic period of forged coins into. After advent of Mughals^ manufacture of gunpowder India took Ayurveda system to Tibet & China misunderstood...

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