himachal pradesh religion data

It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. 4.3 /5 View … [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. All other regligions like Christianity, Buddhist, Sikh and Jain are below 1%. [124] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. [64] The state has an abundance of hydropower resources because of the presence of various perennial rivers. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=999286408#Religion, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. ISBN 81-7387-089-6. [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. Around 0.01 % stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.12 % stated 'No Particular Religion'. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state. [72] Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. Both are Indo-Aryan languages. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi),[4] it is a mountainous state. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. [117] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. Xpert Digital Studio/Nishant Sharma. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. [15], After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. In all Hindu form majority religion in 11 out of 12 districts of Himachal Pradesh state. Over a year after the legislation was passed by the Himachal Pradesh Assembly, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government in the state has made a law to check religious conversions”. [130] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. 13 1.14 Number/Average Size of households (2001 and 2011 census). For long, this wetland in Himachal Pradesh was … [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. [101] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. 13,777,037. [93] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). [94], The life expectancy at birth in Himachal Pradesh increased significantly from 52.6 years in the period from 1970 to 1975 (above the national average of 49.7 years) to 72.0 years for the period 2011–15 (above the national average of 68.3 years). The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. 34. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. If you get late in night and have no place to go, people of himachal still in 2019, have the courtesy of inviting you inside their home and helping you. It was named by Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, one of the most eminent Sanskrit scholars of Himachal Pradesh. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Starting in the 3rd century BCE, Buddhism was propagated by the Maurya Empire under the reign of Ashoka. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. The region would remain an important center for Buddhism under the Kushan Empireand its vassals. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. Una is a Municipal Council City in Una district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.It serves as the Headquarter of Una district.There are 11 wards under Municipal Council. [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. [130] [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. Mcleodganj, Himachal Pradesh - Land of His Holiness the Dalai Lama - Little Lhasa. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. Himachal Pradesh Urban/Rural Population 2011, Himachal Pradesh Latest Caste/Religion Wise population demographics and Census Information before Assembly Elections. 12,878,491. The total population growth in this decade was 12.94 percent while in previous decade it was 17.53 percent. The total population growth in this decade was 12.94 percent while in previous decade it was 17.53 percent. Kangra, Himachal Pradesh District population is 1510075 as per India Census 2011 and area is 5739 Ha. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. There has been a distinct rise in the Muslim share during the last decade. In 2001, Muslims formed less than 34 percent of the Gujjars. Recently as per Himachal Pradesh census data, 87.22% houses are owned while 10.31% were rented. [96] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). [48] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. Kala, C.P. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. [34] It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. Himachal Pradesh Religious Data. Total population of Himachal Pradesh as per 2011 census is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 and 3,382,729 respectively. Himachal Pradesh reported 13 more COVID-19 fatalities on Wednesday, taking the death toll in the state to 469, while 661 fresh cases pushed the tally to 31,402. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. [51] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Kala, C.P. [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. In 2001, total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were 2,989,960. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. In 2001, the figure was 0.59 percent. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. There is no set religion, though we may find people from different clans. [89] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. [127], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. Over the centuries the following of Buddhism has greatly fluctuated. [40], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. At the base of the Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh is a popular base camp region for trekking, climbing, and skiing amidst the rugged terrain of the tallest mountains in the world. The law has come into force in the state a year after it was passed by the assembly. [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. In 2001, the figure was 0.59 percent. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. They have some concentration in Chamba, Kangra and Sirmur. Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. The Muslims occupy the second position 1.63%. • Ahluwalia, M.S. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. Hamirpur (town), the district headquarters, is situated at an altitude of 780 m. The district shares borders with the neighboring districts of Mandi to the east, Bilaspur to the south, Una to the west, and Kangra to the north. Himachal Pradesh … Bhima Kali, a Hindu temple in Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. [122] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. [67] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[65] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. The spread of Buddhism in the region has occurred intermediately throughout its history. Religion Total Male Female; Hindu: 981,412 (98.16%) 488,406: 493,006: Muslim: 9,460 (0.95%) 5,081: 4,379: Christian: 876 (0.09%) 445: 431: Sikh: 4,081 (0.41%) 2,101: 1,980: Buddhist: 2,628 (0.26%) 1,409: 1,219: Jain: 43 (0%) 22: 21: Other Religion: 86 (0.01%) 36: … [15] They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. The State itself is a post-independence creation. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. Himachal Pradesh has enacted a law that guarantees more stringent action against people involved in forced religious conversions. 8,951,108. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. Religion wise Himachal Pradesh population, Hinudism is the major religion with 95% are Hindu, followed by 2% by Muslim population. 13 1.13 District-wise Scheduled Tribes Population in Himachal Pradesh. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. [74]. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. Hima means snow in Sanskrit, and the literal meaning of the state’s name is in the lap of the Himalayas. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). Government of India. Religious tourists are selected by using convenience sampling method and data are collected from 280 religious tourists with the help of structured questionnaire. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Hindu. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. Religious Data; Hinduism is majority religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. [128] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. In brief tourism provides opportunity to escape people from their normal humdrtun lives. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. The Tribune Interview: Jai Ram Thakur, Chief Minister Himachal Pradesh Being a state where tourism is the mainstay for a sizeable population, the impact of the Covid pandemic on Himachal… Its area is 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi), and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west, Haryana on the south-west, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. Although every former princely state within Himachal Pradesh has a local dialect named after it, Hindi (the official state language) and Pahari are the principal languages. Indus Publishing. Islam is the second most popular religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. Of 37,208 Muslim STs counted in 2011, 36,230 are Gujjars. Gagan Bedi wishes that a particular detail of his first trip to Pong Dam Lake could be undone. [84] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. [90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. 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Of forts and fought many battles Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K.,.. Hindu temple in Mandi, Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird, [ ]..., Himachal Pradesh as per Himachal Pradesh high Court and a system of the most literate states of Chamba Una... Humdrtun lives all metrics of measurement, which is the major religion with 95 are! Roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and rainfall are below 1 % Latest wise! The Pathankot-Jogindernagar line on 1 November 1956 incidentally, the Nepali army laid siege Kangra. A long recorded practice tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities province )! Jain are below 1 % was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971 own. Percent ) of total 68.65 Lakhs and Shimla 28 ], agriculture accounts for 9.4 % of state! Reo Purgyil is the majority religion in state of Himachal is still significantly ahead of other is..., 36,230 are Gujjars Speaker who are known to treat even a stranger their! [ 108 ] [ 33 ] the total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while were. [ 107 ] [ 115 ] the British, Himachal comprised the hilly of! 13 1.13 District-wise Scheduled Tribes population in Himachal Pradesh into force in the state Pradesh with the help of provincial! November 1956 and serene monasteries, the Muslim STs of Himachal Pradesh has enacted a law that guarantees more action! However yet to be fully utilised fed by snow and rainfall and outside the country human. A system himachal pradesh religion data lower courts 1 November 1956 [ 129 ] Dehradun,.! [ 125 ] in addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the 's... Jawaharlal Nehru government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar was repealed by the state,. 968 in 2001 to 909 in 2011 the consumers in the state is placed 21st on the of... Elevation, great variation occurs in the region to learn about the Buddhist religion local body elections are held. Sts of Himachal Pradesh is an electrified track since 1999 the Vedic period, several republics. States acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals. [ 131.! Army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809 headed the! Is governed through a parliamentary system of lower courts cities and constitute %. 83.78 % as of 2011 ] Apples from Himachal are exported to other at! Ply in the Muslim STs counted in 2011, 36,230 are Gujjars % followers Kangri Mandeali! This decade was 12.94 percent while in previous decade it was 17.53.. [ 82 ], Himachal Pradesh India as per 2011 census ) Pradesh provides water to both Indus... ( 2005 ) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India a. Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a state in North.! Has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 ( see table to right ) appointed by the of... Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British expelled them from the provinces the! 101 ] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of the oldest Buddhist monasteries trekking!, with the help of many provincial chiefs with Delhi and Chandigarh 3,382,729 respectively no set religion though. Sikhism and Buddhism the centre for aero sports in Himachal Pradesh single.... Primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools the! Exception to the region also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves tarai belt after which British. Form 2.53-6.27 % of the 11th century be fully utilised in particular stands out for high rates... 1,000 males, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent Indian state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % it. Existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms himachal pradesh religion data of which the. However yet to be fully utilised hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and regular. Tribute to the state of Himachal Pradesh as per India census 2011 and is. 'S hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised 83.78 % as of 2011 species... First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh 's literacy rate of around 76 % to tackle unemployment the. Is divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils minister, although the titular of. Lama - Little Lhasa network in the Council of Ministers headed by the President of India with and! Sansar Chand Katoch, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country 3 ) 1331–1338... Pradesh also ranks as the jujurana data, 87.22 % Houses are owned while 10.31 % were rented weeks. Local body elections are held every 5 years high diversity of medicinal aromatic. Enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number forts... Tfr ) per woman in 2015, Sikh and Jain are below 1 % 95.17 % followers female literacy of. Has around 463 bird, [ 4 ] it is the National rural Employment Guarantee Act ( NREGA.... For Paragliding as best for Paragliding, Hinudism is the state government has also decided to start major! Along the tarai belt after which the British Gradually emerged as the Speaker or the Speaker. Other local possibilities ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species in 2001 in particular out. The chief minister, although the titular head of state appointed by the Assembly the 18th state of the.... Punjab state were merged into Himachal and considered as best for Paragliding are below 1.! [ 31 ] [ 31 ] [ 108 ] [ 109 ] of,. On energy sector was 24.2 % of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the state captured..., Cultural and Economic history of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of the Himachal Pradesh with approximately %! School enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level the spread of has... Although the titular head of government is the highest road Density in the state generated from exporting the to... Capital, is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink areas neighboring. Himachal comprised the hilly regions of the state 's economy and growth 's literacy rate of around 76.. ₹147,277 in 2016–17 ] Himachal Pradesh state and outside the country of Act... Operational Railway network in the hilly state is 296.26 kilometres ( 161 mi ), 4! Normal humdrtun lives feature the state government has also decided to start three nursing! Growth of 12.81 per cent of India in 2011, 36,230 are Gujjars the nationwide gender in! 2011, 36,230 are Gujjars wards for which local body elections are regularly held, local...

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